02 September 2014

Insect - Locust Borer

The goldenrod is starting to bloom and insects of all types are drawn to it. While walking in the fields behind our house, I came across this Locust Borer (Megacyllene robiniae). The borer attacks only black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) and its hybrids. The honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos L.) is not affected.



The Locust Borer adult beetles emerge late August to September and feed on goldenrod. The adults will lay eggs in locust trees in the fall. The larvae will hibernating through the winter under the bark and tunnel into trees in spring. They pupate late July/early August and when the adults emerge, the cycle starts again.

01 September 2014

Wildflower - New England Aster

Today is Labor Day in the United States, which marks the unofficial end of summer. Traditionally fall begins at the autumnal equinox in about three weeks, but this change in seasons can also be marked by the blooming of the New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) in our neighborhood. The New England Aster is native to almost every area in North America east of the Rocky Mountains. This native wildflower brings fall flower color to roadsides and can grow up to 6 feet tall.

The New England Asters are starting to bloom along Joyce Road.

29 August 2014

Butterflies - Great Spangled Fritillary

The Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. There are at least 30 species of Fritillary butterflies

The orange and black Great Spangled Fritillary is sometimes mistaken for their more famous distant cousins the monarch butterflies. But unlike the monarchs, the Great Spangled Fritillary do not go for milkweeds.

27 August 2014

Turkeys

This year's brood for wild turkeys is getting big, and so is their appetite. Fortunately for the turkeys, their increased appetite coincides with the late summer hatch of grasshoppers. It's feeding time and heads are down.



With their gizzards full, it's time to find a cool/shady spot for an afternoon nap.

23 August 2014

Wildflower - White Campion

White Campion (Silene latifolia), which is native to most of Europe, Western Asia and Northern Africa and has naturalized in North America. The White campion in our neighborhood is a bright white, but it can cross-breed with red campion (S. dioica) to produce a pink-flowered hybrid.



The flowers grow in clusters at the tops of the stems with a distinctive inflated calyx and five white petals. This plant is also know as Bladder Campionhe due to the inflated calyx.



It is also known as the Grave Flower or Flower of the Dead in parts of England as they are seen often growing on grave-sites and around tombstones.

20 August 2014

Wildflower - Smallflower Hairy Willowherb

As the name Smallflower Hairy Willowherb (Epilobium parviflorum) would imply, this is a very small flower. The four petal blossom is about 1/4 inch in diameter.

Epilobium is a genus in the family Onagraceae, containing over 160 species of flowering plants including fireweeds. The name "parviflorum" comes from Latin meaning “small flowers”.



Smallflower Hairy Willowherb prefers marshes and moist open areas. This form of Willowherb is found in larger numbers in the wetland area of the natural gas pipeline right-of-way on our property.



The plant can reach a height of 3 feet and tiny flowers that are pale pink or pale purple.

19 August 2014

Fairy Rings

As the dry conditions of late summer cause lawns to turn light green (before changing to brown) I've noticed dark green circles, some with mushrooms, start to appear in the lawn at our barn. Unlike the crop circles of England, these are fairy rings, also known as fairy circle, elf circle, elf rings or pixie rings.




Fairy rings are caused by soil-inhabiting fungi breaking down organic matter, such as old tree stumps and roots, in the soil. As the fungus feeds on the decomposing organic material nitrogen is released which the grass uses, causing it to grow and develop a contrasting green ring. A ring or arc is caused by the fungus feeding on the organic material until it consumes the material. To continue growing, the fungus must spread outward from the a central starting point and towards nutrients. As the fungus moves outward from the central starting point, a ring is formed.



Multiple rings can be formed, but the ring will stop and not cross another ring because nutrients have been consumed in the inside of the ring.



Sometimes the mushrooms are visible on the outside edge of the ring and the dark green grass on the inside of the ring,

Several dead trees had been removed from this area of the lawn a few years ago and the fungus is feeding on the old tree roots.

18 August 2014

Wildflower - Queen Anne's Lace

Queen Anne's lace (Daucus carota) is native to temperate regions of Europe and has been naturalized in North America. One of its common names is wild carrot and domesticated carrots are a subspecies. The flower's name is derived from its resembles lace.




The flower head is composed of multiple branches that reach outward with clusters of small flowers to form and umbrella shaped head.



Queen Anne's lace is used in grade school demonstrations to show how freshly cut flowers will change color by placing them in colored water. A close-up view of a flower cluster.



Many farm fields turn white with Queen Anne's lace in late summer and the USDA has listed it as a noxious weed.

16 August 2014

Wildflower - Teasel

The Common Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum) is a flowering plant that has a unique shape and structure. An egg-shaped flower head is located on top of a stiff, tall prickly stem that can reach 8 feet tall. This non-native plant from Eurasia and North Africa looks like a thistle, but is in a class by itself, the family class Dipsacaceae (Teasel Family).




A view of the thorny stem and spike covered flower head (with a bumble bee).



A close-up view of a bumble bee collecting nectar from the many small four petal flowers on the flower head.



There were 3 or 4 bees on some of the flower heads working to collect nectar from the flowers as soon as they opened. While the bees and other insects like the flowers for the nectar, many birds feed on the seeds during the winter.

15 August 2014

Butterflies - Monarch

The Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is one of the most recognized butterflies in North America due to its distinct orange and black markings, and the fact it migrates with the seasons like birds. Large masses of the eastern North American Monarchs winter over in Mexico and migrate to the northeast during the summer. The Monarch butterflies born after mid-August will be the generation that starts the southward migration to Mexico.



The Monarch butterfly is tightly linked to milkweed plants. They lay their eggs on the milkweed leaves and their caterpillar is able to eat the toxic milkweed leaves.



This Monarch butterfly fuels up on nectar from a milkweed  flower as it prepares to start its return migration to Mexico.

14 August 2014

Fawns

This year's fawns are starting to fill out as they put on weight in preparation for the lean winter months.Their diet is mostly grass as their mother weans them off milk. 



While the fawns become more independent, they are now able to travel more and forage with their mother.

12 August 2014

Butterflies - Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

Photographing butterflies is always a challenge, but sometimes you get lucky. I found an Eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) that was more interested in the nectar of a purple coneflower than escaping from the view of my camera.

This butterfly can be identified by the yellow with black markings which resemble tiger stripes. This butterfly is identified as a female by the blue spots on its tail.



An Eastern tiger swallowtail feeding on a purple coneflower.



A close-up view of an Eastern tiger swallowtail gathering nectar from a purple coneflower with its proboscis which is the butterfly’s mouth and is used like a straw to suck up liquids.

11 August 2014

Japanese Beetles

It didn't take long to find Japanese Beetles (Popillia japonica) on our property this year. In fact, the Japanese Beetles found me. We've had a couple of years of low populations of Japanese Beetles, but they have returned in large numbers this year. As the name suggests, the Japanese Beetle is native to Japan. This insect was first found in the United States in 1916 in New Jersey and has spread to most of the Northeast states and continues to move west.



A couple of Japanese Beetles and an example of their leaf damage in the background.

09 August 2014

Dragonfly - Blue Dasher

The Blue Dasher (Pachydiplax longipennis) is one of the best known North American skimmers (family Libellulidae). The males are easily recognized due to the yellow-striped thorax, metallic-green eyes, and pale blue abdomen. While it is one of the better known skimmers, I have found only a few Blue Dashers at our pond.

08 August 2014

Wildflower - Hedge Bindweed

Hedge Bindweed (Calystegia sepium) is a member of the Morning Glory family (Convolvulaceae). This plant has been classified as a noxious weed because of its quick growth and clinging vines which can overwhelm and pull down cultivated plants.



The trumpet-shaped, 1.5" to 3" diameter flowers, are white or pale pink with white stripes.





The Hedge Bindweed flowers are a favorite of bees and butterflies.